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Gum Disease
Risk Factors of Gum Disease
May 23, 2019
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gum disease

Periodontal disease is inflammatory and affects tissues surrounding and supporting your teeth. Gum disease is one of the leading causes of tooth loss in adults. How does it form? When food becomes trapped in the space between our teeth and gums, bacteria builds up as plaque due to failing at brushing and flossing as we should.

The plaque advances harden, and turns into tartar. When plaque extends below the gum line, the gums become infected. This is known as gingivitis; if left untreated, it will turn into periodontitis, which is where gums pull away from the teeth, forming pockets that become infected. Plaque spreads below the gum line as your body fights the bacteria. Bone and connective tissues that hold teeth in place are likely to be broken down with bacteria, causing teeth to become loose or fall out.

While it is painless, gum disease can lead to serious tissue damage, tooth loss, and/or bone loss if left untreated. Early detection is crucial; therefore, here are some warning signs that tell you may have developed gum disease.

  1. Swollen, sore, and/or bleeding gums. The built-up plaque will irritate the gums, causing them to become red, swollen, sensitive and susceptible to bleeding. The bacteria attack the healthy tissue around your teeth, destroying fibers that attach gum tissue to the teeth. This is gingivitis, the first stage of gum disease. Continue to floss, even if you are bleeding, as flossing prevents plaque buildup from getting worse.
  2. Receding gums. Your teeth will appear to look longer due to receding gums. Once the roots of the teeth become exposed, your teeth are now at risk of decay, infection, and loss.
  3. Tooth Sensitivity. If it’s uncomfortable to consume hot or cold drinks, to chew on ice, or expose your teeth to cold air, then you have dentin hypersensitivity. This is caused by exposed tooth roots and thin tooth enamel. Gum recession and pocketing can also lead to sensitivity.
  4. Constant bad breath. Having bad breath at all times is more than likely a sign of poor dental health caused by excessive bacteria, tooth decay, or gum disease. This is usually caused by gases released by bacteria that coat your teeth, gums, and tongue.